What is hyperpigmentation?

Skin that appears darker than usual is referred to as “hyperpigmentation,” which is not always a medical problem. The rash might occur in tiny spots, spread over a wide area, or even cover the entire body.

In most cases, an increase in pigmentation is harmless, but it might be a sign of a more severe health issue. Discover the many kinds of skin darkening, its causes, and how it can be treated.

Symptoms and Risk Factors of Hyperpigmentation

The most noticeable signs of hyperpigmentation are darkened patches of skin. Patches can appear anywhere on the body and come in various sizes.

Inflammation and overexposure to the sun are the two most common causes of overall skin darkening. You might expect to see more skin pigmentation due to prolonged sun exposure. Other factors that increase the likelihood of developing hyperpigmented patches depend on the underlying medical condition. Here are some of the factors:

  • Oral contraceptive use or becoming pregnant
  • Dark skin is more susceptible to discolouration changes.
  • Hormones that make you more sensitive to sunshine
  • Skin trauma like cuts, scrapes, and minor burns


Most skin-darkening cases are harmless and do not indicate any major health issues. With proper sun protection, black spots may lighten over time. In some patients, a more robust approach is required. The dark spots may not disappear entirely, even with treatment. It is advisable to visit a dermatologist to ensure that the type of hyperpigmentation is not harmful.


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